Hesperides are the essential oils that are acquired through the zest of fruits such as lemon, bergamot, orange etc. Example of citrus fragrance: Guerlain Imperial Water, Dior Eau Sauvage, Calvin Klein's CK One.
This family is one of the most important. It includes perfumes that have a flower or floral bouquet (pink, purple, yellow). Example of floral perfumes: Diorissimo de Dior, Mysey's Eau d'Issey, Chanel 5, J'adore de Dior.
The name fern is not about the smell of the fern plant. A perfume called "royal fern" was created by Houbigant in 1882 that allowed this family to exist. The fern perfumes are composed of coumarin, bergamot, oak mosses, woody and lavender notes. Example of fern perfumes: Chrome Azzaro, the Male JP Gaultier.
The Cypriot family was named by René Coty in 1917 who called his first perfume like that. The chypre perfumes are composed mainly of oak moss, patchouli, labdanum rock, bergamot. Example of chypre perfumes: Miss Dior Original, Chanel 19, Antaeus, Narcisso for her.
Woody fragrances are composed mainly of warm woods such as sandalwood and patchouli, sometimes dry like vetiver or cedar. Example of woody fragrances: Kenzo Homme, Terre d'Hermès, Dior Homme.
Oriental / Ambré family
This family includes fragrances with sweet, powdery, vanilla, and sometimes animal notes. Example of oriental / amber perfumes: Shalimar, Prada Woman, Hypnotic Woman.