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Citrus fruits are often referred to as "hesperides". The Hesperides, daughters of the Titan Atlas and Pleionea were responsible for guarding the Hesperides Garden with the help of the hundred-headed dragon Ladon, so mortals could not seize the golden apples that grew there, which guaranteed immortality and fertility. Through deception, Hercules managed to seize one of their golden apples, which turned out to be citrus fruits.
Let's look at the most used citrus fruit of the perfume industry: bergamot, so common that it is often called "perfumers' solvent". Citrus aurantium var. bergamia is a hybrid of bitter orange and lemon, native to Southeast Asia. Bergamot has been used extensively since the 18th century when it began being put into Earl Grey tea as well as in Nancy's sweets.
The name bergamot comes from the Arabic beg-ārmûndi, which literally means "pear of the lord".
According to the legend, bergamot would indicate nights where there would be a full moon, the secret place where fairies were born.
Bergamot, with its soft, zesty fresh and slightly soapy scent, also has a medicinal use against psoriasis, eczema, urticaria and stress.
Plant: bergamot is a fruit which weighs between 80 and 200 grams. It is similar to both an orange and a pear: a pear in its shape and greenish color and an orange in taste.
Production: bergamot essence is extracted from the bark of its fruit.
Olfactory family: citrus
Olfactory note: fresh, powerful, citrus.